Archive for May, 2015


Lynching is an extrajudicial punishment by an informal group. It is most often used to characterize informal public executions by a mob, often by hanging, in order to punish an alleged transgressor, or to intimidate a minority group. (Wikipedia)

For the past two of three years I have been calling awareness to the plight of lynching. Through an online event called, International Lynching Awareness Day Lynching which has until recent the tragic death of the young teenager 17-year-old Lennon Lee Lacy of Bladenboro (Bladen County) two counties south east of Goldsboro (Wayne County) here in NC, has not been in the national consciousness despite cases in the early 2000’s which have actually received national attention. Even the Lennon Lacy case, which was initially ruled a suicide, was reported s an “isolated case.” It had many wondering, now in light of protest of the rash of police killings of mainly unarmed African-American men, that is lynching in America “back?” The bitter truth is that lynching never stopped!

My rude awakening happened on Feb. 24, 2009, when I received a call at exactly 9:00am from my first ex-wife telling me that our oldest son, Jibril was dead. They lived in a predominately white neighborhood of Dundalk. Where we purchased a house years before we divorced. Jibril was an enterprising young man of 21 who had an extremely bright future ahead of him. I cried loud and hard for at least 20 minutes or more. My beloved son. My heir was dead. A short while later, however, my second oldest son, Sulaiman, called with more shocking news. He said, “Abi (My father in Arabic), Jibril was hung.” “Hung?” I replied in even more shock. Turned out that my daughter (their sister), Kabira found Jibril hanging from a beam at the basement door. He shared a bedroom in the basement with Sulaiman who was away visiting relatives in Alabama.   The so-called authorities did not investigated his death, instead they automatically declared it was a suicide though Jibril was just approved for a loan to purchase his first home less that 24 hours ago!

I had just recently moved to NC. Jibril and I were close.   I lost not only a son but a friend and companion. When I moved here he and I worked nights and spent many nights in conversation. I still have his last email to me 2 days before his death. After I returned to NC after I buried my son, I did research. I typed in “murder to look like suicide” and what I found

There have been lynchings going on practically every year leading up to my son’s death and in almost all the cases, as in my son’s, were ruled “suicides!”

Unfortunately, in 2010,the year after Jibril’s death, a star H.S. student athlete, Charles Conley, 19,  was found lynched in Dover, DE.  There was another lynching in a park in Dover in 2012.  The victim, Johnny Lorenzo Clark, a local barber was found hung with his own belt at Dover’s Silver Lake Park on May 12th. In October there was an attempted lynching in the same park but  this time the victim Henry Fordham got away.  He was able to fully describe the devils who tried to lynch him.  Even getting their first names (John and Mike).  The fact that they were driving a white pickup truck.  He was able to express how they set him up, then kidnapped him took him to the park then assaulted him while attempting to hang him.  Unfortunately it was Mr. Fordham who was arrested instead of the assailants.  The Dover police did not want to believe him despite of the obvious injuries Mr. Fordham had suffered.  Dover and Delaware state police, in an attempt to cover up the incident, continue to harass him and Dr. Issa Smith, a professor at Delaware State University (DSU), a Historically Black College and University (HBCU), who got involved with the investigations of Mr. Fordham’s case and the others.  Please go to Youtube to see the interview with Henry Fordham.  It is entitled “2012 Delaware Lynchings: The Henry Fordham Story.”  There are about 6 or 7 videos in the series.  Also google “Delaware  lynchinegs” or either of the cases just mentioned.

Two more lynchings were reported of two young black men in Cincinnati, OH in 2012.

In 2013, Kory Ingham, 18, was found hung in Athens, TX.  Kody who has a white mother was dating a white girl. (in Lennon Lacy’s case he was dating a white woman twice his age).  Kody’s mother refused to view it as a lynching.

I discovered that there was a White supremacist convention in Maryland just two weeks before my son’s death.  There was a Klan rally in Bladensboro just before Lennon Lacy’s death.

In 1981, a young black man, Michael Donald, 19, was found hung from a tree in a park in Mobile, AL.  That case turned out quite different.  Not only was it ruled a homicide and arrest of two terrorist klansmen, Henry Frances Hays, 25, and James “Tiger” Knowles, 17, and another accomplice Frank Cox, 27. The mother of the victim was able to sue the local chapter of the Klan and was able to take possession all of their property.

Though lynching victims are mostly young Black men, a census worker whose death got national attention in what appeared to be a lynching by someone hostile to the Federal government. It was later ruled a suicide though he had the words, “Fed” scratched on his chest.  The victim was a white male.  And recently in perhaps the saddest case of all is of a 6-year old girl, Kendrea Johnson who was found hung by her own jump rope in Brooklyn. On December 27, 2014.  Reports stated the little girl made suicidal statements since being trapped in the foster care system but according to investigators the knots in the rope were too sophisticated for a of child her age to tie.

Some of the known victims of lynchings (as far as I know) 1985-2015:

Andre Jones, 18, Mississippi, 1993 (In a jail for a speeding ticket. Was to start engineering school the next day) Feraris “Ray” Golden, 32, Florida, 2003 (father of 3, found hanged on an umbrella tree in his grandmother’s backyard with hands tied behind his back)

Robert “Jose” McNair, 46, Mississippi, 2003 (Business owner, cousin of former NFL star quarterback, the late Steve McNair.)

Winston Deroyal Carter, 29, Tuskegee, Alabama, 2004 (found at 6:15am)

Bernard Burden, 21, Georgia, 2004

Raynard Johnson, 17, Mississippi, 2005

Jibril Mustafa, 21, Maryland, 2009 (Just got approved for a loan to buy a house the day before)

Charles Conley, 19, Delaware, 2010 (Well-liked star student athlete)

Frederick Jermaine Carter, 26, Mississippi, 2010 (a white pickup was used by property owners where the tree that he was found hanged on.  It may just be pure coincidence but the two assailants in the Henry Fordham case, John and Mike drove a white pickup truck)

Johnny Lorenzo Clark, Delaware, 2012 (A local barber)

Two lynchings of unidentified young black men, Cincinnati, OH, 2012

Kody Ingham, Texas, 2013 (His mother is white and does not want to believe it is a lynching)

Lennon Lee Lacy, Bladensboro, NC (He was found hanged with shoes two sizes too small).

There is a book that has been recently published about lynching in this country from 1870-1950.

We are also coming upon the 60 years since the brutal lynching of 14 year old Emmit Till. Thus lynching especially since the recent cases of Lennon Lee Lacy and Otis Byrd will be on the minds of most Americans.

The media has made it seemed that lynching had ended and that it was a thing of the past.  As public spectacle it may have ended but lynching continues as a clandestine and secretive crime.  Instead of pictures of smiling white racist terror mobs, todays terrorist are hidden and act in pairs.

To live with the reality that your son or loved one has been murdered is cruel enough.  But have to been lynched by unknown criminals, who the so-called authorities have let get away with, is devastating. Please do your research online as there is much information of the topic of lynching within the last 30 years and more recent.

For more information about these deaths visit the blog and Facebook page, “Justice 4 Jibril” http//justice4jibril.blogspot.com or http://www.Facebook.com/Justice4Jibril

Dr. Edward W. Blyden 

(1832-1912)

 

Dr. Blyden is considered the “Father of Pan-Africanism” Born in the Dutch (now U.S.) Virgin Islands in 1832, he set out for Liberia, as a missionary, after being rejected by a few US colleges because he was Black.  As a missionary he was told that the Africans were savages and heathens in need of the white man’s religion—Christianity.  However when he got there he realized the Africans were civilized with customs that long pre-dated the arrival of the Europeans.  Of the most noted customs he found was Islam.  He was thoroughly impressed with the positive effect Al-Islam had of the African as compared to Christianity’s debilitating effects.  He was to spend the rest of his life in West Africa as a statesman for Liberia and at the end of his life in charge of Islamic Education in Sierra Leone, where he was known as “Abdul Karim.”  The Blyden Historical Society was founded in his honor among African-centered scholars in New York. His books include:

Christianity, Islam  and The Negro Race(1887)

African Life and Customs (1908)  West  Africa Before The European: And Other Addresses In England in 1901 &1903 (1905).

 

Dr. Martin Delany (1812-1883)

 

Martin Delany is considered the “Grandfather of Black Nationalism.”  Born in Charles Town, Virginia (now, Charlestown, West Virginia), a free man.  His grandparents on both sides were born in African of royal lineage. His paternal grandfather was a  Gola chief in what is now Liberia and his maternal Grandfather was a Mandinka prince.

In 1822, his mother moved him and his siblings to Pennsylvania in order for them to learn to read and write as it was illegal in the state of Virginia to educate any Black person, free or slave.  He was one of the first three Blacks admitted into the Harvard Medical School.  Dr. Delany was also a writer who help Frederick Douglas in his abolitionist newspaper, The North Star.

He joined the military during the Civil War.  His rank as Major was the highest rank among African-Americans at that time.  After the war he was stationed at the Freeman’s Bureau in SC, where he strongly advocated for the former slaves to be given land.

While living in Pittsburgh in 1853,  he wrote a book; The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States, Politically Considered (1852).   In his book he realized that Black people had no future in white controlled US society and that it was necessary to migrate elsewhere, to the Caribbean or to South America.  He died in Wilberforce, Ohio at age 72.

Joel Augustus (JA) Rogers

(1880-1966)

 Born in Jamaica, West Indies and died in New York, JA Rogers was perhaps the most prolific writer and author of African– American History.  He was never a college professor or a college graduate.  He worked in many fields as a young adult before settling on journalism.  His groundbreaking book: Superman To Man (1917)  was to start a series of books that set the stage for the enlightenment of new generations of scholars.  He came to prominence during the Harlem Renaissance (1919-1935), a period where we African-Americans began to link with our African heritage and developed Black conscious thought and expression. Some of his other books include:  100 Facts About The Negro (1934); World’s Greatest Men Of Color, vols. 1& 2 (1940); Sex & Race, vols. 1-3 (1947); Africa’s Gifts To America.(1959); FIVE NEGRO PRESIDENTS (1965).

 

Dr. John Hendrik Clarke (1915-1998)

Born in Union Springs, Alabama to Sharecroppers, Dr. Clarke left the south, at age 18, for Harlem, N.Y. in the event called, “The Great Migration” in 1933 during the Harlem Renaissance period.  Though he never officially attended High School, he attended New York University and Columbia University.  He was a member of the Blyden Historical Society among other Black Studies Associations. He came prominent during the Black Power Movement of the latter 1960”s, as he was a leading advocate establishing Black Studies in the universities and colleges.  He was a founding chairman of Black & Hispanic studies programs at Hunter College and Cornell University. His books include:

New Approach to African History (1967)

The Boy Who Painted Jesus Black (1975); Editor, Malcolm X: Man and His Times (1991), an anthology of the activist’s writings

Author and editor, Who Betrayed the African World Revolution?: And Other Speeches (1993)

African People in World History (1993);

Christopher Columbus and the Afrikan Holocaust: Slavery and the Rise of European Capitalism (reprinted 2011)

Dr. Yosef Ben-Johannon (1918-)

 

Affectionately known as Dr. Ben, the 96 year old professor of African studies was born to an Ethiopian father and a Puerto Rican mother.  He educated in Puerto Rico, Spain and Cuba where he got his doctorate before

arriving in the U.S. in the 1940’s.  He claims to have been appointed the chairman of UNESO African Studies Committee in 1945– 1970.  Between 1950-1987, he taught at Malcolm King College, City College of NY (CCNY), and Cornell University.  Despite of his controversial teachings, he is highly respected in the Pan-African and Kemetic communities.  He currently lives in Harlem.  I visited his office and small bookstore in the 1980’s.  He authored 49 books some of which are:

African Origins of Major Western Religions (1970);  Black Man of the Nile and His Family (1972);  Africa: Mother of Western Civilization. (1971) ; We the Black Jews (1983); Abu Simbel to Ghizeh: A Guide Book and Manual; Cultural Genocide in the Black and African Studies Curriculum. New York (1987);  New Dimensions in African History (1991); The Myth of Exodus and Genesis and the Exclusion of Their African Origins (2002)

 

 

Dr. Ivan Van Sertima (1935-2009)

Born in Guyana, Dr. van Sertima studied in his home country then at the University of London.  He came to the U.S. for graduate studies at Rutgers University in New Jersey, where he taught as an Associate professor.  Dr. van Sertima’s groundbreaking book,  They Came Before Columbus (1976),  revitalized the subject first presented in the 1920 book by Dr. Leo Weiner,  African Discovery of America.  Dr. van Sertima would go on to publish the Journal of African Civilizations, while authoring and/or editing or co-editing several books.  Dr. van Sertima retired in 2006 as a professor at Rutgers University.  He was elected to the Rutgers Alumni Hall of Fame in 2004. He died in New Jersey.  His works include:

As author:

Caribbean Writers: Critical Essays, London & Port of Spain(1968)

They Came Before Columbus, New York(1976)

As editor:

The Journal of African Civilizations (1979–2005); Blacks in Science: Ancient and Modern (1983); African Presence in Early Europe (1985); Great African Thinkers, Cheikh Anta Diop (1986); Great Black Leaders: Ancient and Modern (1988);  Black Women in Antiquity (1988);  Cheikh Anta Diop (1988); The Journal of African Civilizations (1988);The Golden Age of the Moor (1992);   Egypt Revisited (1993); Early America Revisited (1998)

As co-editor

The Journal of African Civilizations,(1985); with Runoko Rashidi, African Presence in Early Asia

Dr. Carter G. Woodson founded what was then known as Negro History Week in 1926 to acknowledge the contributions of people of African descent. Why was this important? Today there are some who want to argue that it is not important and that there should be no such thing as Black History Month. Then there is the other extreme where it is felt that every ethnic or special interest group must have a month to acknowledge their particular interest.

The reason for African –American or Black History Month is because of the false doctrine of White supremacy which is the reason for racism. Racist historians wiped out the achievements of people of African descent. They distorted history by first, splitting humanity into different “racial” caste, putting “Whites” on the top of the caste system then promoting the notion that civilization was an invention of “whites” and that “Blacks” and other people of color where uncivilized.

This totally opposite of the truth which records that not only did mankind originate in Africa but practiced an highly complex culture and had advanced technology which was spread through out the world.

The idea that was promoted by “race inventors” Carol Linnaeus and Johann Blumenbach that each of the separate so-called races of humanity originated each separately in a continent is baseless as history reveals that dark skinned people are indigenous to every inch of the globe.

As we continue to evolve as a global family, true understanding is vital for the survival of the humanity.

Dr. Woodson’s most famous book, THE MISEDUCATION OF THE NEGRO, highlighted the need for African-Americans to develop independent educational institutions that are designed for our needs. The work of Dr. Woodson is carry on by an organization he co-founded, Association for The Study of African-American Life and History (ASLAH). (the name “Negro” was used originally before being replaced by “African-American” in 1973).